Different types of Joints
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Methods Of Joining wood together can be classified under four Broad Headings.
1) Butted Joints, either edge to edge ,side to side, and with or without additional reinforcement.
2) Interlocking joints where is one piece of wood is cut or shaped to fit a corresponding socket in the other piece.
3) Mechanical joints which permit controlled movement.
4) Knock-down metal or plastic fittings which secure the various wood sections together to form rigid structures.
Encyclopedia Of Furniture Making by Ernest Joyce
Chapter 14 page 150.